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Flamingo basics

Flamingos are long-legged, pink waterbirds living in the wild in Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America. The number of species is debated. Most authorities recognise six species, all in the family Phoenicopteridae. Some sources do not consider the Greater and Caribbean Flamingo seperate species.

The largest species is the Greater Flamingo standing 1.2 to 1.5 m (3 ft 11 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall and weighing up to 3.5 kg (7.7 lb). The smallest species is the Lesser Flamingo, standing 80 cm (2 ft 7.5 in) tall and weighing 2.5 kg (5.5 lb). Both of these species are found in the Old World while Caribbean, Chilean, Andean and James's Flamingos are found in the New World.

Species Geographic location
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus Africa, southern Europe, southwestern Asia
Caribbean Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Caribbean, northern South America, Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico and Galapagos Islands
Chilean Flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis Southwestern South America
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor Africa, northwest India and eastern Pakistan
Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina
James's Flamingo Phoenicoparrus jamesi Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina

More information can be found in the following sections:

Related Links

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From Wild Ones

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From San Diego Zoo

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